Okay, figured out how to re-torque the crankshaft pulley bolt: I used the advice offered by multiple people elsewhere to stuff some rope down the #1
cylinder in the compression stroke (engine off, of course). As I rotated the crankshaft and the piston rose, it compressed the rope and stopped the crankshaft. I was then able to torque the crankshaft pulley bolt fully (hint: if you can't get it to 130 ft-lb using your hands, lie on the ground in front of your car, brace yourself, reach back under the bumper with your leg and press your foot against the torque wrench to get sufficient leverage).
I also had another problem, which thankfully turned out to be fairly minor. When I first started the car up after finishing the install, there was noise, smoke, and an electrical fire smell. I thought immediately that I had maybe damaged the engine. After a long time poking around, I decided to remove all the belts again to inspect the timing belt. When I went to remove the A/C tensioner pulley, I noticed it was completely shredded inside--lots of little pieces fell out all over the place. Either I installed it wrong, or it was ready to implode on its own. (I did notice that it was not rotating freely when I installed it, thought it was rotating when the engine was running...that was clearly the problem. Thankfully, it's winter, so I just left the A/C belt off and I'll re-install it when I get a new tensioner pulley later this week. When I put everything else back together and turned the car on again the second, no smells and no smoke! :-)
When I was out on the test drive, I noticed there's a whine when I go above 2000 RPM (rising with the RPMs), which I assume might be an overly tight timing belt tensioner (?). I'll try backing off the tension when I go to replace the A/C tensioner pulley. Otherwise everything seems good.